Habsburgs and Spain
Examples of use of the emblem
- A Biscayan merchant ensign (inclusive of the so-called Consulate of Bilbao) (c. 1511–1830)
- A pre-1785 general Spanish merchant and privateering flag
- The Spanish Carlist Flag, from the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) up to the present
- The third co-official Flag of Spain during the Francoist regime (1939–1975)
- In Spain some local flags and coats of arms flaunt the cross of Burgundy in Guipúzcoa (Anzuola, etc.), Navarre (Tafalla, etc.), Aragón (Huesca and Lidón), Andalusia (Bujalance), Castile-La Mancha (Las Labores) and Catalonia (Creixell).
- A Basque Nationalist flag (for instance that of the Basque Alpinists in 1921–1978: Green Cross of Burgundy on white edged with red border)
- Nowadays, the Cross of Burgundy is still a symbol of the Spanish monarchy
- A symbol painted on Spanish Air Force planes. According to some scholars and aviation enthusiasts, however, the Spanish rudder marking (a black saltire on white) derives from the National Air Force deletion of the Republican Air Force red, yellow and purple flag, as a result of having lost some warplanes to friendly fire in the summer of 1936.[dubious ]
- A French army colour
- Of the two line infantry regiments raised in the Franche-Comté of Burgundy: "Bourgogne" and "Royal-Comtois", both units raised in the late 17th century, together with the Household cavalry companies "Gendarmes Bourguignons" and "Chevaux Légers Bourguignons" and the Dijon, Autun, Vesoul and Salins provincial militia regiments
- In the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, the militian "gardes mobiles" from Dijon wore a red Burgundian saltire on their left cuff or shoulder)
- Continuing Burgundian and "Comtois" regionalism in France is keen on the Cross of Burgundy
- The coat of arms of Villers-Buzon (France) bears a sort of yellow or white Burgundian saltire on a wider red saltire
- The new region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté will use the Cross of Burgundy in its flag
In Belgium and the Austrian Netherlands
- The Austrian Netherlands' ensign in 1781–1786 was a black double-headed eagle on a red Burgundian saltire over a background of red over white over yellow
- As a Rexist Walloon Belgian Ultra-Right-wing flag and badge since 1940, including the Walloon Legion in German service on the Russian front, a unit eventually transferred to the Waffen-SS in 1943 (a red Cross of Burgundy, either on white or black)
- As the merchant ensign and badge of the Ostend Company (Austrian Netherlands) in 1717–1731
- The local flag and coat of arms of Philippeville (Belgium) bears a yellow Burgundian saltire on blue.
- The current Belgian naval ensign, which dates from 1950, may well be an homage to the cross of Burgundy
In the Netherlands
- The Military William Order, the foremost Dutch military decoration since 1815, bears a white Maltese cross and a green Burgundian saltire
- A similar style flag was used by the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands in the 15th and 16th centuries, which had been part of the Spanish Empire as well
- The flag of the Dutch municipality of Eijsden bears a red Burgundian saltire since 1966 (same for the municipal coat of arms or crest), also as an heritage of Burgundy, as a part of the Spanish Empire.
In South and Central America
- In present-day Bolivia the Cross of Burgundy (which is represented with a golden crown in the center) is the official flag of the department of Chuquisaca.
- The Flag of Valdivia, which is composed of a red saltire on a white field is thought to have originated from the Spanish Cross of Burgundy, as the city of Valdivia in southern Chile was a very important stronghold of the Spanish Empire.
In the United States
- The flag of Alabama and flag of Florida each include a plain red saltire, partly to recognize the colonial period when the Spanish Cross of Burgundy was used.
- The Cross of Burgundy is still flown over Fort San Cristobal and Fort San Felipe del Morro, both of which are former Spanish fortifications located in San Juan, Puerto Rico, as well as the Castillo de San Marcos in St. Augustine, Florida.
Common Version of the Standard Colours
Common Version of the Standard Colours
Variant with the lesser royal arms quarters
Reign of King Amadeo
Variant with the national quarters
- Hutchinson, Emily (2007). "Partisan identity in the French civil war,1405–1418: reconsidering the evidence on liverybadges". Journal of Medieval History. 33 (3): 250–274. doi:10.1016/j.jmedhist.2007.07.006.
- *Álvarez Abeilhé, Juan. La bandera de España. El origen militar de los símbolos de España. Revista de historia militar Año LIV (2010). Núm extraord. Madrid: Ministerio de Defensa. ISSN 0482-5748. PP. 37-69.
- Royal Spanish Household website Archived July 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Spanish Air Force Website Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- Luis Tinajero Portes (1994), Días Conmemorativos en la Historia de México, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, p. 39, ISBN 9789686194654,
(...) atravesado diagonalmente por dos brazos que formaba la cruz de San Andrés, también de seda y de color morado. (...) Este estandarte virreinal duró como símbolo de la Nueva España hasta el ya citado 24 de agosto de 1821 (...) Translation: (...) Crossed diagonally by two arms forming the cross of St. Andrew, also of silk and purple. (...) This viceroyal banner lasted as a symbol of colonial New Spain to the aforementioned 24 August 1821 (...) "
- Escudo, Ministerio de Defensa. Unidad Militar de Emergencias.,
Para darle el carácter militar al escudo se coloca en la parte posterior (acolada), la Cruz de Borgoña (aspas), que es el símbolo militar de más antiguedad y tradición en las Fuerzas Armadas españolas.
- Historia de la Armada, Ministerio de Defensa. Armada Española
- Flags of the World (ed.):The Burgundy cross,... used by Spain, especially at sea, for many years. In much more recent times, it was a symbol of Carlism (Requetés) during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards, and by the Traditionalist Party (Partido Tradicionalista) during the post-Franco years crwflags.com google.es